General Abdul Rashid Dostum (born 25 March 1954) is an ethnic Uzbek politician and military leader who is the current Vice President of Afghanistan. He is a former warlord who fought against the Soviet Union in the 1980s, and against the Taliban in the 1990s. Dostum is a controversial figure, but he is also a powerful leader who is respected by many Afghans.
Dostum was born in Qala-i-Zal, a province in northern Afghanistan. He joined the Soviet-Afghan War in the 1980s, and he quickly rose through the ranks of the Mujahideen. After the Soviet withdrawal, Dostum formed his own militia, the Junbish-e Milli-ye Islami-ye Afghanistan (National Islamic Movement of Afghanistan). Junbish was one of the most powerful militias in Afghanistan, and Dostum played a key role in the overthrow of the Taliban in 2001.
Dostum was appointed Vice President of Afghanistan in 2004 by President Hamid Karzai. He served in this position until 2014, when he was forced to resign after being accused of human rights abuses. Dostum returned to Afghanistan in 2016, and he was elected to the Afghan parliament in 2019.
Dostum is a controversial figure, but he is also a powerful leader who is respected by many Afghans. He is a key figure in the Afghan political landscape, and he is likely to play a major role in the future of Afghanistan.