The Taliban is a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement and military organization in Afghanistan. They ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001, and again from 2021 to 2022. The Taliban are known for their strict interpretation of Islamic law, and their human rights abuses.
The Taliban was founded in 1994 by Mullah Mohammad Omar, a former mujahideen commander who fought against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. The Taliban quickly gained control of much of Afghanistan, and they imposed a strict Islamic regime. The Taliban banned women from working or going to school, and they executed people for crimes such as theft, adultery, and blasphemy.
The Taliban was ousted from power in 2001 by a US-led coalition after the September 11 attacks. The Taliban fled to the mountains, but they continued to wage an insurgency against the Afghan government. The Taliban made significant gains in 2021, and they took control of the country in August of that year.
The Taliban’s return to power has been met with international condemnation. The United Nations has imposed sanctions on the Taliban, and it has called on the group to respect human rights and to form an inclusive government. The Taliban has promised to be more moderate than it was in its previous rule, but it remains to be seen whether it will live up to its promises.